When orthodontic treatment may be needed

Crooked, crowded and overlapping teeth can cause a range of problems, including:

  • tooth decay and gum disease – teeth that are very close together can be harder to clean properly leading to tooth decay and gum disease

  • injury to the gum – if a tooth doesn’t meet with its partner on the opposite jaw properly, it may dig into the gum and cause damage

  • wear and tear – if teeth don’t sit properly the action of chewing can wear them unevenly

  • self-confidence – teeth problems can make people feel embarrassed and they may not feel comfortable to smile.

Usually, teeth problems that may benefit from orthodontic treatment can be detected by between seven and nine years of age. Most orthodontic treatment is done after all the permanent teeth have come through, at around 11 to 13 years. Some treatment can be started earlier, at about age eight or nine. Adults can be treated too.

We refer to a specialist for difficult cases. Orthodontic treatment begins with assessment, where we take impressions for study moulds, photos and referral for X-ray, followed by a treatment plan and braces or Invisalign.


Braces are tiny brackets that are attached to the front or back of each tooth, and a wire is tied to them. The constant gentle pressure of the wire slowly moves the teeth into position.


We are a certified Invisalign provider practice.

Invisalign is a system using clear aligners that are clear pieces of custom-moulded plastic that sit over the teeth and gradually move them. You need to wear the clear aligners for 20–22 hours a day.

Having straight teeth leads to a beautiful smile and being more confident.

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